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Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board
தமிழ்நாடு மாசு கட்டுப்பாடு வாரியம்

Hazardous Waste Rules

Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016

Salient Features

Rule 2 Application:

These rules shall apply to the management of hazardous and other wastes as specified in the Schedules to the Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016.

Rule 3 Definitions:

"hazardous waste" means any waste which by reason of characteristics such as physical, chemical, biological, reactive, toxic, flammable, explosive or corrosive, causes danger or is likely to cause danger to health or environment, whether alone or in contact with other wastes or substances, and shall include


(i) waste specified under column (3) of Schedule I

(ii) waste having equal to or more than the concentration limits specified for the constituents in class A and class B of Schedule II or any of the characteristics as specified in class C of Schedule II; and

(iii) wastes specified in Part A of Schedule III in respect of import or export of such wastes or the wastes not specified in Part A but exhibit hazardous characteristics specified in Part C of Schedule III

"other wastes" means wastes specified in Part B and Part D of Schedule III for import or export and includes all such waste generated indigenously within the country.

"occupier" in relation to any factory or premises, means a person who has, control over the affairs of the factory or the premises and includes in relation to any hazardous and other wastes, the person in possession of the hazardous or other waste.

"actual user" means an occupier who procures and processes hazardous and other waste for reuse, recycling, recovery, pre-processing, utilisation including co-processing.

"common treatment, storage and disposal facility" means a common facility identified and established individually or jointly or severally by the State Government, occupier, operator of a facility or any association of occupiers that shall be used as common facility by multiple occupiers or actual users for treatment, storage and disposal of the hazardous and other wastes.

"importer" mean any person or occupier who imports hazardous or other waste.

"exporter" means any person or occupier under the jurisdiction of the exporting country who exports hazardous or other wastes, including the country which exports hazardous or other waste.

"pre-processing" means the treatment of waste to make it suitable for co-processing or recycling or for any further processing.

"co-processing" means the use of waste materials in manufacturing processes for the purpose of energy or resource recovery or both and resultant reduction in the use of conventional fuels or raw materials or both through substitution.

"recycling" means reclamation and processing of hazardous or other wastes in an environmentally sound manner for the originally intended purpose or for other purposes.

"reuse" means use of hazardous or other waste for the purpose of its original use or other use.

"recovery" means any operation or activity wherein specific materials are recovered.

"utilisation" means use of hazardous or other waste as a resource.

"storage" mean storing any hazardous or other waste for a temporary period, at the end of which such waste is processed or disposed of

"transport" means off-site movement of hazardous or other wastes by air, rail, road or water.

"transboundary movement" means any movement of hazardous or other wastes from an area under the jurisdiction of one country to or through an area under the jurisdiction of another country or to or through an area not under the jurisdiction of any country, provided that at least two countries are involved in the movement.

"manifest" means transporting document prepared and signed by the sender authorised in accordance with the provisions of these rules.

"treatment" means a method, technique or process, designed to modify the physical, chemical or biological characteristics or composition of any hazardous or other waste so as to reduce its potential to cause harm.

"disposal" means any operation which does not lead to reuse, recycling, recovery, utilisation including co-processing and includes physico-chemical treatment, biological treatment, incineration and disposal in secured landfill.

"authorisation" means permission for generation, handling, collection, reception, treatment, transport, storage, reuse, recycling, recovery, pre-processing, utilisation including co-processing and disposal of hazardous wastes granted under sub-rule (2) of rule 6.

Rule 4 Responsibilities of the occupier for management of hazardous and other wastes:

(1) The occupier shall be responsible for safe and environmentally sound management of hazardous and other wastes.

(2) The occupier shall follow the following steps for the management of hazardous and other wastes:-

  • a. prevention;
  • b. minimization;
  • c. reuse,
  • d. recycling;
  • e. recovery, utilisation including co-processing;
  • f. safe disposal.

(3) The hazardous and other wastes generated in the establishment of an occupier shall be sent or sold to an authorised actual user or shall be disposed of in an authorised disposal facility.

Rule 5 Responsibilities of State Government for environmentally sound management of hazardous and other wastes:

The State Government shall ensure earmarking or allocation of industrial space or shed for recycling, pre-processing and other utilisation of hazardous or other waste in the existing and upcoming industrial park, estate and industrial clusters.

Rule 6 Grant of authorisation for managing hazardous and other wastes:

(1) Every occupier of the facility who is engaged in handling, generation, collection, storage, packaging, transportation, use, treatment, processing, recycling, recovery, pre-processing, co-processing, utilisation, offering for sale, transfer or disposal of the hazardous and other wastes shall make an application in Form 1 to obtain authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board.

(2) An authorisation in Form 2 shall be granted by the State Pollution Control Board with validity period of five years after through site inspection and after ensuring technical capabilities and equipment complying with the standard operating procedure or other guidelines within a period of one hundred and twenty days.

(3) Every occupier authorised under these rules, shall maintain a record of hazardous and other wastes managed by him in Form 3 and prepare and submit to the State Pollution Control Board, an annual return containing the details specified in Form 4 on or before the 30th day of June following the financial year to which that return relates.

(4) An application for renewal of authorisation shall be made three months in advance before its expiry.

Rule 7 Power to suspend or cancel an authorisation:

((a) The State Pollution Control Board may suspend the authorisation issued after giving a reasonable opportunity of being heard and after recording reasons thereof in writing if the holder of the authorisation has failed to comply with any of the conditions of the authorisation issued or with any provisions of the Act or these rules as it considers necessary in the public interest.

(b) Upon suspension or cancellation of the authorisation, the State Pollution Control Board may give directions to the person whose authorisation has been suspended or cancelled for the safe storage and management of the hazardous and other wastes, and such occupier shall comply with such directions.

Rule 8 Storage of hazardous and other wastes:

The occupiers of facilities may store the hazardous and other wastes for a period not exceeding ninety days and shall maintain a record of sale, transfer, storage, recycling, recovery, pre-processing, co-processing and utilisation of such wastes and make these records available for inspection.

Rule 9 Utilisation of hazardous and other wastes:

The utilisation of hazardous and other wastes as a resource or after pre-processing either for co-processing or for any other use, including within the premises of the generator (if it is not part of process), shall be carried out only after obtaining authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board in respect of waste on the basis of standard operating procedures or guidelines provided by the Central Pollution Control Board.

Rule 10 Standard Operating Procedure or guidelines for actual users:

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change or the Central Pollution Control Board may issue guidelines or standard operating procedures for environmentally sound management of hazardous and other wastes from time to time.

Rule 11 Import and export (transboundary movement) of hazardous and other wastes:

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change shall be the nodal Ministry to deal with the transboundary movement of the hazardous and other wastes in accordance with the provisions of these rules.

Rule 12 Strategy for Import and export of hazardous and other wastes:

No import of the hazardous and other wastes from any country to India for disposal shall be permitted.

(a) The import of hazardous and other wastes from any country shall be permitted only for recycling, recovery, reuse and utilisation including co-processing.

(b) The import of hazardous waste in Part A of Schedule III may be allowed to actual users with the prior informed consent of the exporting country and shall require the permission of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

(c) The import of other wastes in Part B of Schedule III may be allowed to actual users with the permission of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

(d) The import of other wastes in Part D of Schedule III will be allowed as per procedure given in rule 13 and as per the note below the said Schedule.

(e) No import of the hazardous and other wastes specified in Schedule VI shall be permitted.

(f) The export of hazardous and other wastes from India listed in Part A and Part B of Schedule III and Schedule VI shall be with the permission of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. In case of applications for export of hazardous and other waste listed in Part A of Schedule III and Schedule VI, they shall be considered on the basis of prior informed consent of the importing country.

(g) The import and export of hazardous and other wastes not specified in Schedule III, but exhibiting the hazardous characteristics outlined in Part C of Schedule III shall require prior written permission of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change before it is imported to or exported from India, as the case may be.

Rule 13 Procedure for import of hazardous and other wastes:

1. Actual users intending to import or transit for transboundary movement of hazardous and other wastes specified in Part A and Part B of Schedule III shall apply in Form 5 along with the documents listed therein, to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change for the proposed import together with the prior informed consent of the exporting country in respect of Part A of Schedule III waste, and shall send a copy of the application, simultaneously, to the concerned State Pollution Control Board for information and the acknowledgement in this respect from the concerned State Pollution Control Board shall be submitted to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change along with the application.

2. For the import of other wastes listed in Part D of Schedule III, the importer shall not require the permission of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. However, the importer shall furnish the required information as per Form 6 to the Customs authorities.

3. The importer of the hazardous and other wastes shall maintain records of the hazardous and other waste imported by him in Form 3 and the record so maintained shall be made available for inspection.

4. The importer of the hazardous and other wastes shall file an annual return in Form 4 to the State Pollution Control Board on or before the 30th day of June following the financial year to which that return relates.

Rule 14 Procedure for Export of hazardous and other wastes from India

(a) Any occupier intending to export waste specified in Part A of Schedule III, Part B of Schedule III and Schedule VI, shall make an application in Form 5 along with insurance cover to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change for the proposed transboundary movement of the hazardous and other wastes together with the prior informed consent in writing from the importing country in respect of wastes specified in Part A of Schedule III and Schedule VI.

(b) The exporter shall also ensure that the shipment is accompanied with movement document in Form 6.

(c) The exporter of the hazardous and other wastes shall maintain the records of the hazardous or other waste exported by him in Form 3 and the record so maintained shall be available for inspection.

Rule 15 Illegal Traffic

The export and import of hazardous or other wastes from and into India, respectively shall be deemed illegal, if it is without permission of the Central Government in accordance with these rules; or it does not conform to the shipping details provided in the movement documents; or it results in deliberate disposal (i.e., dumping) of hazardous or other waste in contravention of the Basel Convention and of general principles of international or domestic law.

Rule 16 Treatment, storage and disposal facility for hazardous and other wastes

(1) The State Government, occupier, operator of a facility or any association of occupiers shall individually or jointly or severally be responsible for identification of sites for establishing the facility for treatment, storage and disposal of the hazardous and other waste in the State.

(2) The operator of common facility or occupier of a captive facility, shall design and set up the treatment, storage and disposal facility as per technical guidelines issued by the Central Pollution Control Board in this regard from time to time and shall obtain approval from the State Pollution Control Board for design and layout in this regard.

(3) The State Pollution Control Board shall monitor the setting up and operation of the common or captive treatment, storage and disposal facility, regularly.

(4) The operator of common facility or occupier of a captive facility shall be responsible for safe and environmentally sound operation of the facility and its closure and post closure phase, as per guidelines or standard operating procedures issued by the Central Pollution Control Board from time to time.

(5) The operator of common facility or occupier of a captive facility shall maintain records of hazardous and other wastes handled by him in Form 3.

(6) The operator of common facility or occupier of a captive facility shall file an annual return in Form 4 to the State Pollution Control Board on or before the 30th day of June following the financial year to which that return relates.

Rule 17 Packaging and Labelling:

The hazardous and other wastes shall be packaged in a manner suitable for safe handling, storage and transport as per the guidelines issued by the Central Pollution Control Board from time to time.

The labelling shall be done as per Form 8. The label shall be of non-washable material, weather proof and easily visible.

Rule 18 Transportation of hazardous and other wastes:

The transport of the hazardous and other waste shall be in accordance with the provisions of these rules and the rules made by the Central Government under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 and the guidelines issued by the Central Pollution Control Board from time to time in this regard.

The occupier shall provide the transporter with the relevant information in Form 9, regarding the hazardous nature of the wastes and measures to be taken in case of an emergency and shall label the hazardous and other wastes containers as per Form 8.

In case of transportation of hazardous and other waste for final disposal to a facility existing in a State other than the State where the waste is generated, the sender shall obtain 'No Objection Certificate' from the State Pollution Control Board of both the States.

Rule 19 Manifest system:

(Movement Document) for hazardous and other waste to be used within the country only.

The sender of the waste shall prepare seven copies of the manifest in Form 10 comprising of colour code indicated below and all seven copies shall be signed by the sender:

Rule 20 Records and returns:

The occupier handling hazardous or other wastes and operator of disposal facility shall maintain records of such operations in Form 3.

(2) The occupier handling hazardous and other wastes and operator of disposal facility shall send annual returns to the State Pollution Control Board in Form 4.

Rule 21 Responsibility of authorities:

The authority specified in column (2) of Schedule VII shall perform the duties as specified in column (3) of the said Schedule subject to the provisions of these rules.

Rule 22 Accident reporting:

Where an accident occurs at the facility of the occupier handling hazardous or other wastes and operator of the disposal facility or during transportation, the occupier or the operator or the transporter shall immediately intimate the State Pollution Control Board through telephone, e-mail about the accident and subsequently send a report in Form 11.

Rule 23 Liability of occupier, importer or exporter and operator of a disposal facility

The occupier, importer or exporter and operator of the disposal facility shall be liable for all damages caused to the environment or third party due to improper handling and management of the hazardous and other waste shall be liable to pay financial penalties as levied for any violation of the provisions under these rules by the State Pollution Control Board with the prior approval of the Central Pollution Control Board.

Rule 24 Appeal

Any person aggrieved by an order of suspension or cancellation or refusal of authorisation or its renewal passed by the State Pollution Control Board may, prefer an appeal in Form 12 to the Appellate Authority, namely, the Environment Secretary of the State within a period of thirty days.

Schedule-I List of processes generating hazardous wastes
Schedule-II List of waste constituents with concentration limits
Schedule-III PART-A: List of hazardous wastes applicable for import and export with Prior Informed Consent

PART-B: List of other wastes applicable for import and export and not requiring Prior Informed Consent

PART-C: List of Hazardous Characteristics

PART-D: List of other wastes applicable for import and export without permission from Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

Schedule-IV List of commonly recyclable hazardous wastes
Schedule-V

PART-A : Specifications of Used Oil Suitable for recycling

PART-B : Specification of fuel derived from waste oil

Schedule-VI Hazardous and Other wastes prohibited for import
Schedule-VII List of authorities and corresponding duties
Schedule-VIII List of documents for verification by Customs for import of other wastes specified in Part D of Schedule III
Form - 1 Application Form for apply for Authorisation under HWM Rules, 2016
Form - 2 Form for grant or renewal of Authorisation by State Pollution Control Board
Form - 3 Format for maintaining records of Hazardous and Other Wastes
Form - 4 Form for filing Annual Returns
Form - 5 Application for Import or Export of Hazardous and Other Waste for reuse or recycling or recovery or co-processing or utilisation
Form - 6 Transboundary Movement – Movement Document
Form - 7 Application form for ONE TIME Authorisation of Traders for Part- D of Schedule III, Waste.
Form - 8 Labelling of Containers of Hazardous and Other Waste
Form - 9 Transport Emergency (TREM) Card
Form - 10 Manifest for Hazardous and Other Waste
Form - 11 Format for Reporting Accident
Form - 12 Application for filing APPEAL against the Order passed by State Pollution Control Board